SELL-OUT TO STALIN: THE TRAGIC ERRORS OF CHURCHILL AND ROOSEVELT The Untold Story
by Nicholas Baciu (Nicolae Baciu)
Nicholas Baciu, former attorney-at-law in Bucharest, having recovered his freedom (after going through ten Communist prisons), published a book in Paris, relating his experiences, under the title "Des Géôles d'Ana Pauker aux prisons de Tito." His book was awarded the Silvio Pellico Prize in 1951, which he shared with Henri Beraud.
In his new book, Mr. Baciu answers with an extensive and forceful documentation the following questions: Who sold Eastern Europe to Stalin? Where? When? How? The indictment by the author as well as his verdict is implacable and without appeal: Eastern Europe was sold out to Stalin by Churchill and Roosevelt, with premeditation, therefore deliberately. Here is a book containing explosive material that the author gathered during his long and extensive research in political and military archives in London and Washington. There he discovered top-secret documents, only recently released, some of which are of outstanding interest.
For instance: the minutes of the secret meeting between Roosevelt and Stalin in November 1943 in Teheran; the minutes of the secret meeting between Churchill and Stalin in October 1944 in Moscow, and a sensational letter from Roosevelt, dated February 20, 1943, in which the ailing president promised Stalin, two years before Yalta, all the territories and zones of influence that the Soviet Union annexed later on.
From other top-secret and hitherto unpublished documents, the author reveals how World War II could have already been ended in the spring of 1943, through initiative of Romania (by Marshal I Antonescu), thus forcing Germany to conclude peace and bringing down the Nazi government. This initiative failed because of the disastrous clause of "Unconditional Surrender" proclaimed by Roosevelt in Casablanca. How can one possibly explain away the tragic errors of both Churchill and Roosevelt, winning the war but losing the peace—errors through which they betrayed the "Occident," promoted the Soviet Union as master of the world of tomorrow, and brought their own countries to the brink of World War III? Could they be imputable to the grave illnesses overpowering both leaders, aggravated by the fatigue of age in carrying through their momentous responsibilities during the war? Or could the infiltration in their ranks of the Fifth Column be also held responsible for those tragic and inexplicable errors? And, even more, the betrayal of their close collaborators, as shown by the author?
This book restores the historical truth that has been, until now, willfully and very skillfully altered. It dispels the legends and destroys the myth of the venerable heroes.
In June 1945, General de Gaulle received Duff Cooper, the British ambassador to Paris, and told him, "We cannot make war with you, now. I realize it. But you have outraged France and betrayed the Occident. That cannot be forgotten."
—de Gaulle, Memoir of War (Vol. 3, p. 219)
1. Rumania, a Latin Country
Having escaped from the shipwreck of my native country, having experienced ten Communist prisons, I set out, in 1950, to share my experiences—in a book written in French, Des Géôles de Ana Pauker aux prisons de Tito—with the free Western world.
The book was destined to denounce, to this free world in which I had just arrived, the abuses of Russia in the invasion of my country by forced Communization; the liquidation of the intellectual elite of the country by intimidation, impoverishment, misery, and putting fetters on the minds of my countrymen.
I believed then, in 1950, as so many others did, that the Russians had committed abuses by military force in Eastern Europe in order to Communize and Russianize by betraying the good faith of the Americans and British; that the Russians had trampled on the solemn engagements made in the Atlantic Charter and the Declaration made in Liberated Europe at Yalta along with Churchill and Roosevelt; that the Russians had lied, had deceived, and had made themselves masters of Europe against the will of Roosevelt and Churchill.
That is what I thought in 1950. But for a long time, I have ceased to believe that, because, in the meantime, I have done much research and have discovered the truth.
But the same legends persist today, thirty-eight years after the end of the war. We hear also today that had Roosevelt lived, the destiny of the world would have been otherwise.
We also see how those admirers of that man of genius; that titan of the history of Great Britain and of world history—Winston Churchill—claim that their idol could not have prevented the Russians' becoming masters of Europe because of Roosevelt, who did not understand Churchill's plan to invade the Balkans in order to "cut" the Russian way into Europe; that Roosevelt bore all the responsibility.
Was that so?
Churchill claimed—in the notorious interview with Stalin on 9 October 1944, in the Kremlin—that he had established spheres of influence "only for a period of three months." Is the truth not otherwise?
But we know now from ultrasecret documents only now declassified—in archives of London and Washington—what the tragic truth is. The secret documents, when analyzed, show how both Churchill and Roosevelt secretly decided—by themselves alone—the fate of the whole world.
The present volume, based on those secret documents, establishes the truth:
That both President Roosevelt and Winston Churchill were in poor health during the course of the whole war has been established. We must ask ourselves whether their judgment was not impaired and influenced by the illnesses that afflicted them. All the more so when we know that both of them acted alone and in secret.
I have utilized these aforementioned documents to emphasize the case of Rumania and to analyze in depth the situation of that country, not because Rumania is my native land, but because the case of Rumania is typical; the same pattern of duplicity, cynicism, and treachery that was used against her has been applied also to the other countries of Eastern Europe.
During the war, Rumania was the cornerstone of the entire South European front. Had this been understood and had Rumania been given assistance the entire Hitler front would have collapsed, thus ending the war in 1943.
Besides, in 1943, only Rumania had started serious discussions to end the war, and we have access to an impressive amount of top-secret documents regarding these negotiations, especially in Stockholm and in Cairo. All these documents throw new light on many other events in other countries of Eastern Europe.
This is why an in-depth analysis of Rumania's case is so important.
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In the course of the following pages, we shall see how Roosevelt, fascinated by the personality of Stalin, consented to all the latter's wishes.
Why was the war prolonged by two years when the satellites—especially Rumania—wanted to withdraw from it in 1943? Why could Admiral Canaris not have stopped Hitler and made a separate peace?
I have tried to reply as fully as possible to these questions.
In the light of certain secret documents from London and Washington, the Armistice treaties of Cairo, Stockholm and the Act of 23 August 1944, all appear differently from the way they had previously been perceived. All the Anglo-American protests against the installation of Communist governments in Eastern Europe were only deceptions and crocodile tears destined to hide the infamous concessions made to Stalin.
I must say at once that the so-called "Yalta Agreements" were not written treaties, secret and signed in February 1945, in the Crimea. No. By "Yalta," we must understand a whole, global understanding of secret, oral, or written agreements covering the entire period from 1941 to the Yalta Conference of February 1945.
Beginning in 1939, with Hitler, the claims of Stalin were becoming known to the Allies very gradually. The British were, in 1941, the first to know and to sanction—in 1942 by the Treaty of Mutual Assistance—these claims. The Treaty of Mutual Assistance was confirmed to Stalin in 1943 by American emissaries who gave Stalin Roosevelt's verbal—but categorical—promise at the Teheran Conference; the promise was to be sealed by secrecy until the American elections. It was confirmed first by triangular telegrams—Churchill-Roosevelt-Stalin—in May-June 1944, then by the agreements in Moscow between Churchill and Stalin in October 1944, and, finally, by Yalta itself, where the fate of Eastern Europe was not even discussed, because it had already been decided.
And so, we have to begin with the events of 1939 and follow them chronologically until 1948. In that year was an awakening of awareness among the American public as to how the situation might evolve in Eastern Europe. This lasted until 1954.
Let us proceed to the historical analysis of the events with humility and deference to the great leaders Roosevelt and Churchill and with the great respect we have and owe to their great and noble countries. But let us also analyze these events with the passion arising from having suffered for truth and justice and with the respect that we all owe to the historical truth.
1984 —N. B.
Nicolas Baciu was born in Rumania. He was a lawyer in Bucharest before proclamation of the Communist republic in Rumania. Purged from the bar, arrested by the Communists, the author succeeded in escaping, to swim across the Danube into Yugoslavia in September 1948.
Arrested by Tito's police, Nicolas Baciu experienced life in Communist prisons in Yugoslavia. Then he succeeded in escaping again to the free world—to Austria.
Arriving in Paris, the author wrote his first book: Des Géôles de Ana Pauker aux prisons de Tito, in 1951, in Paris. The book was published by the French newspaper Le Monde and by the Swiss Gazette de Lausanne, and Baciu was awarded the great Silvio Pellico Prize, which he shared with Henry Barraud.
Mr. Baciu collaborated after 1950 with the BBC radio station in London, where he gave a series of lectures, as well as with Radio Europa Libera in New York, where he edited the Rumanian programs.
Since then Mr. Baciu has written various articles that have appeared in the Western press to draw the attention of the West to the danger of Russian imperialism and of international communism. In Le Monde, the New York Times, the Christian Science Monitor, the Herald Tribune, L'Aurure, and Gazette de Lausanne, the author has constantly put the West on their guard and sought vigorous anti-Yalta action.
Although now a naturalized American, the author remains faithful to his Rumanian nation. He has written all this time in the Rumanian Press in exile, as in Romanul or Europa and the Neamul Romanesc as well as Buletinul Europeen, to help his countrymen in exile to preserve their identity and to sustain their morale and fighting spirit.
The present book will appear in a Rumanian edition with a series of annexes regarding—especially—Rumania and the author's direct experiences with its development.